Colloid cyst is a benign cystic lesion at the Foramen of Monroe. It causes obstruction at the Foramen of Monroe resulting in hydrocephalus and raised intracranial pressure symptoms as headache, vomitting, blurring of vision. The images in the first column are of a 25 year old patient who presented with these features of raised ICP. MRI revealed a colloid cyst in the third ventricle causing obstruction of Foramen of Monroe with resultant hydrocephalus.
Conventionally, a craniotomy and a transcallosal microscopic approach is used for excising these tumors. With advances in Endoscopy, these can now be removed with Endoscopes. Endoscopic excision of these lesions using transcranial approach results in good functional and cognitive outcomes. A Single burr hole of 14mm diameter is adequate to remove this tumor.
Navigation assistance is very helpful in planning the appropriate trajectory.
The images on the right are intra-operative images of this patient. The colloid cyst was excised successfully.